Most of the time, fallen arches do not require treatment. If your child has flexible flatfoot and experiences pain, his doctor might recommend an arch support to relieve the discomfort. When a short Achilles tendon causes flatfoot, stretching exercises may be needed, according to Seattle Children's Hospital. Rarely, a child may need surgery to lengthen the tendon. A child with rigid flatfoot that causes pain may require shoe inserts, foot wrapping or surgery. Considerations In order to diagnose flat feet your doctor will conduct a visual examination. In people with flat feet, the instep of the foot usually comes into contact with the ground when standing flat-footed. Do flexible flat feet limit a child’s activity or performance? Hey, they might, but I’m not so convinced. A study in March of 2009 compared athletic performance of over 200 mild to severely flat footed 11 to 15 year olds with a same-aged group with normal arches. Researchers found no significant difference, and thus no need to ‘treat’ the pes planus kids to make them better athletes. Foot for thought. The unique arrangements of the bones of the foot and the ligaments holding them together provide the foot with a longitudinal arch, an architectural system that provides a stable yet flexible support for the body when standing and walking. Rheumatoid factor is present in 80% of patients but may be elevated in many other conditions. Anti-nuclear antibodies are indicators of connective tissue disease but may be present in rheumatoid arthritis. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies may be more sensitive and specific than rheumatoid factor. Monitoring of drug toxicity involves regular blood investigations such as Full Blood Count, liver function tests, renal function, ESR, CRP and urinalysis. If the diagnosis is in question, investigation for other causes of a polyarthritis is mandatory including uric acid level, thyroid function tests, creatine kinase, vasculitis and infection screens. Just as you've left room for your foot around the edge of the sandal, you need to make sure that you leave an extra inch or so of strap on top of your foot to account for activity and consequent swelling. A little slack keeps your feet healthy! I was floored, I was in utter disbelief when the Doctor handed me the report. The next step was to set me up with a Spinal Specialist off base and talk about my options. So, if you still wish to take up Irish dancing or you're already a performer,we have a selection of Irish Dancing Shoes from Ghillies to step dancing shoes. For those whose job requires them to be on their feet all day, many days end with pain. Poor choices in shoes, as well as blisters, bunions and other foot problems contribute to the pain. Your feet carry the stress of all of your weight. The truth is, when your feet hurt, you hurt all over. However, a little rest and a hot foot bath can take away all of that discomfort. Knee injuries are damage that can affect the tendons, ligaments, bones, cartilage or cushioning sacs (bursae) of the knee. Recovery from these injuries may involve a number of different treatment options. Orthotics realigns the foot and ankle-bones to their natural position thereby correcting the problem of over-pronation. This restores our normal foot function that alleviates not only foot problems but also ailments in other parts of the body. Of late the shoes use soft material for reasons of initial comfort and are not really supportive or stable for a healthy gait. The use of sandals or 'flip-flops' during summer is of no help to patients with over-pronation as they are not satisfactory in biomechanical terms. Lateral plantar nerve combines with part of medial plantar nerve. The 2 nerves combine, creating a nerve with larger diameter than nerves going to other digits. A tonsil stone, also known as a tonsillolith, is a compact accumulation (calcification) of assorted substances that become lodged in the crevices of the tonsils. They are relatively harmless and often require no treatment and simply dislodge on their own; however, if they accumulate and become a nuisance, there are a number of ways to remove the stones. Dysplasia of the sphenoid bone may occur with sinus infection resulting to the condition manifested by intense headache. The involvement of the sphenoid bone with sinus infection may result to sphenoid sinusitis. Early diagnosis and treatment is vital as the condition can be progressive and may involve serious complications once left untreated.